Saturday, July 18, 2020

Kashi Vishwanath Mandir | Know your Temples

1. Situated on the western bank of holy river Ganga in Varanasi, Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas or temples dedicated to whom?

Lord Shiva
Lord Ganesha
Lord Vishnu
Lord Brahma
2. The main deity of Kashi Vishwanath Temple is Lord Shiva, also known as Vishwanatha or Vishweshwarar. What is the meaning of Vishwanatha or Vishweshwarar?
The Lord of the World
The Lord of the Earth
The Lord of the Sky
The Lord of the Universe
3. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple is mentioned in the Puranas including the Kashi Khanda (section) of which Purana?
Garuda Puran
Skanda Purana
Vishnu Puran
Matsya Puran
4. Beside its religious significance, the temple is also an architectural marvel. It enshrines one of the twelve Jyotirlingams of Shiva. It is said that this temple was rebuilt several times. The present temple was built in the 18th century by queen of Indore after Mughal emperor Aurangzeb destroyed the previous temple and built a mosque at the site (now adjacent to it). It is said that once Lord Shiva came in the dream of queen of Indore and she, being a devotee of Lord Shiva, got the current temple built in 1777. What was her name?
Rani Laxmibai
Rani Ahalyabai Holkar
Rani Keladi Chennamma
Rani Mangammal
5. Pilgrims offer their sankalpa or statement of intent here, before commencing which journey/yatra?
Panchatirthi Yatra
Ganga Yatra
Chardham Yatra
Pashupatinath Yatra
6. As per the Shiva Purana, once Brahma (the Hindu God of creation) and Vishnu (the Hindu God of Preservation) had an argument about who was supreme. To test them, Shiva pierced the three worlds as a huge endless pillar of light, the ___________. to determine who was mightier Vishnu took the form of Varaha and sought out the bottom while Brahma took the form of a swan to fly to the pillar's top. Brahma out of arrogance lied that he had found out the end, offering a katuki flower as witness. Vishnu modestly confessed to being unable to find the bottom. Shiva then took the form of the wrathful Bhairava, cut off Brahma's lying fifth head, and cursed Brahma that he would not be worshipped. Vishnu for his honesty would be worshiped as equal to Shiva with his own temples for all eternity.
7. There are twelve jyotirlinga and each of the twelve jyotirlinga sites take the name of the presiding deity - each considered different manifestation of Shiva. At all these sites, the primary image is __________ representing the beginningless and endless Stambha pillar, symbolizing the infinite nature of Shiva.
8. Kashi Vishwanath Temple, also known as the Golden Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple comprises of two domes covered in gold donated by the ____________________, while the Bhosales of Nagpur donated silver to the temple.
Guru Govind Singh
Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh
Malhar Rao Holkar
Raja Todar Mal
9. What is the name of the holy well which is situated to the north of the main temple and during the invasion by the Mughals the Jyotirlinga was hidden in the well to protect it at the time of invasion?
Jnana Vapi (Gyaan Vapi - the wisdom well)
Brahma Sarovar
Haridra Nadhi
10. The main Shivalinga of the temple at the shrine is made out of which coloured stone and is 60 cm tall and 90 cm in circumference and is enshrined in a silver altar?

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