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Thursday, February 2, 2012

Operations Management Quiz - 6

1. Forward scheduling is used in which of the following situations?
[A]Organizations that produce customized products whose demand is not known until the customer releases an order
[B]Manufacturing organizations that use MRP systems
[C]Service organizations that can anticipate the demand for their services ahead of time
[D]Event-management organizations that make arrangements for special events such as trade fairs, corporate get-togethers etc

2. Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II) includes which of the following functions?
[A]Product Planning
[B]Operations Planning
[C]Operations Control
[D](a), (b) and (c) above

3. The Process Mapping technique is used in which of the following stages of ERP implementation?
[A]Identification of the needs for implementing an ERP package
[B]Evaluating the "as-is" situation of the business
[C]Re-engineering of the business processes to achieve the desired results
[D]Evaluation of various ERP packages

4. Companies prefer to choose Asian countries for low-labor-cost services such as electronics assembly, textile making and ITES. Which of the following strategic advantage they are trying to derive by adopting this policy?
I. Comparative advantage.
II. Economies of scale.
III. Proprietary product technology.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Only (II) above
[C]Only (III) above
[D]Both (I) and (II) above

5. Which of the following aspects of quality is measured by the mean time between failures (MTBF) or the failure rate per unit time?

6. Which of the following is not a measure of forecast accuracy?
[A]Linear regression
[B]Mean square error
[C]Mean forecast error
[D]Mean absolute percent error

7. The length of time required to replenish the inventory for a material from the time that need for additional material is sensed until the new order for the material is in inventory and ready for use is called
[A]Inventory level
[B]Inventory cycle
[C]Lead time
[D]Demand during lead-time

8. Which of the following issues falls under the purview of Operational Decision?
[A]Problems of production and process design
[B]Identification of manpower requirement
[C]Assigning jobs to persons
[D]Vendor identification

9. Intel has established itself as a technology leader, coming out with new microprocessors at breakneck speed. Which of the following competitive weapons is most likely being made use of by Intel effectively?
[A]Production flexibility
[B]Quick delivery
[D]Short product cycle

10. Which of the following is not true about Linear Programming?
[A]It is used to allocate scarce resources to strategic alternatives when the costs of various resources are linear functions of their quantities
[B]It is applicable to problems which have multiple objectives
[C]It is applicable when there are alternative courses of action to solve the problem
[D]The decision variables are flexible enough to take any non-negative values within a range

11. Maintenance of a computerized parts classification and coding system is usually required in which of the following production systems?
[A]Product Focussed
[B]Process Focussed
[C]Discrete Unit Manufacturing
[D]Cellular Manufacturing

12. Hybrid layout is commonly used to manufacture which of the following products?

13. Which of the following is not correct with respect to Computer Search used in aggregate planning?
[A]It is a set of directions that systematically guides a computer in evaluating alternative aggregate plans
[B]The possible combinations of workforce levels and output rates for each period in the planning horizon are explored by the computer
[C]A very systematic search is done with the help of inbuilt specific rules
[D]The cost functions should be constant and linear

14. Which of the following is not a correct assumption of the Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) model developed by F.W. Harris?
[A]Economies of scale are involved in the purchase of materials
[B]Lead-time for material delivery is known with certainty and remains constant
[C]The cost of executing an order is fixed and is independent of the quantity ordered
[D]Demand for a product is constant and uniform throughout the period

15. The doctor in charge of the surgical department wants the purchase manager to procure some surgical scissors as early as possible. For this purpose, he has submitted a document containing a clear specification of required materials, quantity required and probable date of requirement. This document is referred to as
[A]Purchase order
[B]Purchase requisition
[C]Request for proposal
[D]Request for quotation