Friday, June 22, 2012

Question Papers of Management for UPSC/UGC NET/SLET (Management Quiz - 77)

1. Among the characteristics of an open system, which of the following is an organization's tendency towards adjusting and maintaining itself in an optimal situation or a state of equilibrium over a period of time?
[B]Negative entropy
[D]Dynamic homeostasis

2. Which of the following statements are true with respect to power and the types of power?
I. Legitimate power is similar to authority and is very important in the organizational context.
II. Legitimate power works only downwards.
III. Referent power functions at superior and peer levels.
IV. Coercive power is used to ensure a minimum standard of performance.
V. Power can be personal.
[A]Both (I) and (II) above
[B]Both (III) and (IV) above
[C](I), (III) and (IV) above
[D](I), (IV) and (V) above

3. Which of the following statements pertain(s) to ‘procedures’?
I. They ensure uniformity in action.
II. They are the most general form of a standing plan.
III. They are the simplest type of standing plans.
IV. They help in streamlining the administrative activities of an organization.
[A]Only (IV) above
[B]Both (I) and (IV) above
[C]Both (II) and (III) above
[D](II), (III) and (IV) above

4. Which of the following is not an advantage of decentralization?
[A]Decisions making is fast
[B]It results in creating low-cost shared resources
[C]Decisions can be quickly adapted to the competitive environment
[D]Provides autonomy to employees

5. Every company wants to gain competitive advantage over its competitors. If a company is able to be unique in its industry in a manner widely valued by the market, it follows a
[A]Diversification strategy
[B]Differentiation strategy
[C]Focus strategy
[D]Cost-leadership strategy

6. Which of the following is not a benefit of strategic planning?
[A]It provides managers with consistent guidelines
[B]It improves the organization’s responsiveness to the environment
[C]It helps managers take appropriate decisions after an analysis of opportunities
[D]It encourages organizations to adopt the most rational and risk-free option

7. Which of the following is/are approaches to that aid in developing better corporate strategies?
I. Values-based approach.
II. Corporate portfolio approach.
III. Human relations approach.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Only (II) above
[C]Only (III) above
[D]Both (I) and (II) above

8. A careful analysis of argument for and against the involvement of organizations in social welfare is necessary to determine whether an organization should implement social initiatives. Which of the following is an argument for social responsibility of Business?
[A]Loss of Profit Maximization
[B]Excessive Costs
[C]Weakened International Balance of Payments
[D]Balance of Responsibility and Power

9. Organizations that adopt a matrix structure generally pass through some structural stages. In which of the structural stages, are managerial integrator positions established so that individuals can take responsibility for particular projects, oversee product launches or deal with issues where coordination across functional departments is necessary?
[A]Functional (stage 1)
[B]Temporary overlay (stage 2)
[C]Permanent overlay (stage 3)
[D]Mature matrix (stage 4)

10. Departmentation is required for which of the following reason/s?
I. It facilitates control, coordination and communication.
II. It provides a platform for healthy competition amongst employees within the organization.
III. It defines roles of each individual and identifies competencies vital for managerial decisions.
IV. It provides a platform necessary for building loyalty among members of the organization.
[A]Only (III) above
[B]Both (I) and (III) above
[C]Both (II) and (IV) above
[D](I), (III) and (IV) above

11. Which of the following is/are contributions of behavioral thinker Mary Parker Follet’s to management thought?
I. Focus on human relations.
II. Focus on group influences.
III. Emphasis on the concept of power sharing and integration.
IV. Classification of organizations based on the employees’ set of values.
[A]Only (III) above
[B]Both (I) and (IV) above
[C]Both (II) and (III) above
[D](I), (II) and (III) above

12. Which of the following statements is not true about tactical plans?
[A]They are concerned more with actually getting things done than with deciding what to do
[B]The time frame covered by tactical plans is usually 1 to 3 years
[C]They indicate actions that major departments and sub-units should take to execute an operational plan
[D]They are developed by middle level managers

13. Middle level managers would engage in setting which of the following objectives?
I. Division objectives.
II. Overall organization objectives.
III. Individual performance objectives.
IV. Specific overall organization objectives such as those pertaining to key result areas.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Both (I) and (II) above
[C]Both (I) and (IV) above
[D]Both (II) and (III) above

14. Span of management includes
I. Assigning equal number of subordinates to managers at the same level.
II. Assessing employee skill and motivation levels.
III. Determination of how many people working with each other report to a single manager.
IV. Determination of the number of individuals a manager can effectively supervise.
[A]Only (II) above
[B]Only (IV) above
[C]Both (I) and (III) above
[D]Both (III) and (IV) above

15. According to which of the following management approaches, does managerial practice depend on circumstances?
[A]Systems approach
[B]Contingency approach
[C]Mc Kinsey's 7-S framework
[D]Empirical approach