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Principles and Practice of Management Quiz - 59

1. There are various means of assessing internal labor supply. Which of the following is a means of identifying potential candidates to fill specific managerial positions?
[A]Succession Planning
[B]Replacement Planning
[C]Resources Planning
[D]Requirements Planning


2. Which of the following is usually the first step followed in the recruitment procedure?
[A]Designing Job Description
[B]Developing a Job Specification
[C]Performing Job Analysis
[D]Attracting a Pool of Applicants


3. Ethical decision-making can fall under any of the three levels of moral development. Which of the following stages describes the ‘principled level’ of moral development?’
I. Following rules only when it is in one’s immediate interest.
II. Valuing rights of others and upholding absolute values and rights, regardless of the majority's opinion.
III. Sticking to rules to avoid physical punishment.
IV. Living up to what is expected by people who are close to oneself.
V. Following self-chosen ethical principles even if they violate the law.
[A]Both (I) and (II) above
[B]Both (II) and (V) above
[C]Both (III) and (IV) above
[D](I),(III) and (IV) above


4. A careful analysis of arguments ‘for’ and ‘against’ the involvement of organizations in social welfare is necessary to determine whether an organization should implement social initiatives. The belief that improvement of the social environment benefits both society and business relates to which of the following arguments ‘for’ social responsibility of business?
[A]Public expectation
[B]Business is a part of society
[C]Balance of responsibility and power
[D]Favorable public image


5. All of the following are characteristics of organizational culture except
[A]Observed behavioral regularities
[B]Distinctiveness
[C]Uniform strength
[D]Dominant and stable values


6. Which of the following is not a way by which business firms can fulfill their obligations towards their customers?
[A]Charging reasonable prices for their products
[B]Ensuring provision of standardized and quality goods and services
[C]Abstaining from unethical practices
[D]Creating a long-term and healthy relationship with creditors


7. Anusheel Gupta is considering the following questions as he approaches a planning period:
(a) What industries should we get into or out of?
(b) In which businesses should the corporation invest money?
Which of the following levels would be appropriate to address the questions facing Mr. Gupta?
[A]Corporate level
[B]Operational level
[C]Business level
[D]Functional level


8. An organization can be described as an open system because it
I. Has interrelated and interdependent parts (departments and divisions) that function as a whole.
II. Gets inputs from and distributes outputs to the external environment.
III. Impacts, and is impacted by, the external environment.
IV. Is perfectly deterministic and predictable.
[A]Only (II) above
[B]Both (I) and (II) above
[C]Both (III) and (IV) above
[D](I), (II) and (III) above


9. Which kind of organization structure represents a form of departmentalization that adopts both the functional and the divisional structures at the same level of management?
[A]Matrix
[B]Functional
[C]Hybrid
[D]Product


10. Which of the following statements is/are true about delegation of authority?
I. Delegation establishes a pattern of authority between superiors and sub-ordinates.
II. Effective managers perform most of the tasks themselves and delegate few tasks.
III. Delegation becomes important as the organization grows.
IV. A manager has to delegate authority if his span of control crosses a certain limit.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Both (I) and (II) above
[C]Both (III) and (IV) above
[D](I), (III) and (IV) above


11. Which of the following organizations, consists of the unofficial but influential means of communication, decision-making, and control that are part of the habitual way things get done in the organization?
[A]Informal
[B]Formal
[C]Vertical
[D]Horizontal


12. Decision-making deals with situations of (i) certainty, (ii) risk and (iii) uncertainty. Which of the following is a characteristic of decision-making under uncertainty?
[A]The decision-maker has complete information about available alternatives, and has a good idea of the probability of particular outcomes for each alternative
[B]The decision-maker has complete information about available alternatives, but has no idea of the probability of particular outcomes for each alternative
[C]The decision-maker has incomplete information about available alternatives, but has a good idea of the probability of particular outcomes for each alternative
[D]Future environment is unpredictable and everything is in a state of flux


13. Bounded rationality differs from the rational model, in that decision makers
[A]Act irrationally
[B]Focus on easy-to-find choices
[C]Seek advice from employees
[D]Seek advice from experts


14. A reason for organizations to scan the environment is to
[A]Analyze their internal weaknesses
[B]Eliminate the need for change
[C]Reverse their engineering
[D]Identify and interpret changes or conditions that could affect the success of their activities and their revenues


15. Which of the following decision-making models emphasizes short-run solution of a problem rather than long-term goal accomplishment?
[A]Rational model
[B]Incremental model
[C]Game theory
[D]Garbage-can model


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