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Thursday, February 2, 2012

Operations Management Quiz - 7

1. Which of the following is not a disadvantage of Job Specialization?
[A]Lower flexibility
[B]Lower work satisfaction
[C]Reduced scope for workers' improvement
[D]Complicated work instructions and difficulty in production control



2. Which of the following work measurement techniques is usually adopted in service organizations like schools and hospitals?
[A]Time Study
[B]Standard Data
[C]Work Sampling
[D]Historical Analysis



3. Spot welding of automobile bodies is an example of which of the following robotic applications?
[A]Materials handling
[B]Processing operations
[C]Assembly
[D]Inspection



4. The formal business planning process addresses which of the following plan(s)?
[A]Long-range plan
[B]Intermediate-range plan
[C]Operations plan
[D]All (a), (b) and (c) above



5. Fixed-sequence robots are most useful for which of the following production systems?
[A]Product focussed
[B]Process focussed
[C]Job-shop
[D]Intermittent system



6. Operations control functions are carried out by
[A]Top-level managers
[B]Manufacturing line workers
[C]Staff supervisors
[D]Both (b) and (c) above



7. Which of the following is built into many ERP packages to provide advanced materials and capacity planning facilities so as to take care of order-winners and qualifiers in a specific situation?
[A]Materials Requirement Planning
[B]Manufacturing Resource Planning
[C]Intelligent Resource Planning
[D]Information Process Reengineering



8. Which of the following is false in relation to Demand Chain?
[A]The focus is mostly on the end-user
[B]The players in today’s emerging Demand Chains are the same as those in traditional supply chains
[C]Responsibilities are assumed by the Demand Chain as a whole
[D]Consumers always buy from retailers



9. The value of Critical Ratio of an activity which is on schedule is
[A]-1
[B]0
[C]1
[D]More than 1



10. Which of the following action(s) enhance(s) equipment maintenance in JIT manufacturing systems?
I. Organizations should design their equipment as simply as possible, reduce the variety of machines, and standardize replacement parts.
II. Organizations should collect information about the frequency and causes of equipment failure and use this knowledge to allocate maintenance resources efficiently.
III. Organizations can rebuild equipment by replacing parts one by one, rather than all at once.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Only (II) above
[C]Only (III) above
[D]Both (I) and (II) above



11. The cost of undetected faults with respect to quality inspection includes
[A]Customer complaint
[B]Stock out cost
[C]Product replacement cost
[D]Both (a) and (c) above



12. A tractor manufacturing company uses infrared imaging to examine the problem areas identified without dismantling the machine, so that the extent of damage can be determined before stopping the machine. This is an example of
[A]Remedial Maintenance
[B]Predictive Maintenance
[C]Centralized Maintenance
[D]Decentralized Maintenance



13. Which of the following statements is false regarding Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)?
[A]It provides a graphical display of a project that helps the users understand the relationships among the activities
[B]It is applicable to any type of single project planning activity in any type of industry
[C]It is ideal for planning projects in which activity times are known
[D]It is an ideal technique for strategic-level planning



14. Global organizations can obtain economies of scale by virtue of
I. Bargaining power.
II. Large production.
III. Skills and expertise of salespersons.
IV. Heterogeneity of products.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Only (II) above
[C]Both (I) and (IV) above
[D](I), (II) and (III) above



15. Which of the following is/are example (s) of ordering cost with respect to inventories?
[A]Warehouse rental
[B]Setup cost if produced in-house
[C]Postage
[D]Both (b) and (c) above



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