Monday, January 23, 2012

Operations Management Quiz - 5

1. Which of the following activities calls for mid-term tactical decisions?
[A]Identification of manpower requirement
[B]Capacity determination
[C]Process designing
[D]Job scheduling

2. In which of the following systems, the barcodes and other optical characters are used to represent data (such as price of an item)?

3. Which of the following broad classes of forecasting methods is/are generally used for longer range strategic planning and facilities decisions?
I. Qualitative methods.
II. Quantitative methods.
III. Causal methods.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Only (II) above
[C]Only (III) above
[D]Both (I) and (II) above

4. One Korean MNC manufactures micro-wave cookers. The demand for their product in last five months is
Month | May|June|July|August|September|
Demand |7000|7500|8200|8500 |7900 |
4-month moving averages for the demand of the product at the beginning of September and October were respectively
[A]7567, 8067
[B]7820, 7820
[C]7567, 8025
[D]7800, 8025

5. Manager (operations) of a manufacturing factory is planning to set the production target for the month of October. He uses first-order exponential smoothing technique to forecast the demand. Actual and forecasted demand for last four months is as follows:
|Month |June|July|August|September|
|Forecast|52.0|43.6|44.6 |47.8 |
|Actual |40.0|45.0|49.2 |52.0 |
The demand forecast for the month of October would be

6. Which of the following is an electronic copy of information explaining the procedure to produce a product?
[A]Routing sheet
[B]Routing file
[C]Routing paper
[D]Routing document

7. Routing information with respect to job scheduling activities include
I. Sequence of operations in the production process.
II. Normal time required to perform each task.
III. Skills required by an employee to perform the task.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Both (I) and (II) above
[C]Both (I) and (III) above
[D](I), (II) and (III) above

8. Which of the priority rules normally organizations follow to schedule the dispatches of their production activities?
[A]Earliest due date
[B]Longest processing time
[C]Shortest processing time
[D](a), (b) and (c) above

9. One of the major factors affecting process design decisions is the flexibility of the organization. In this context, the product/service flexibility of an organization refers to the ability
[A]To increase or decrease production volumes very fast
[B]To shift production from one product to another very quickly
[C]To produce different types of products
[D]To serve both manufacturing and service sectors

10. The appropriate type of layout for the purpose of automobile manufacturing is
[A]Process layout
[B]Product layout
[C]Grouping technology layout
[D]Fixed position layout

11. A hotel which schedules various resources like room, bed, food and other facilities to serve multiple customers together uses which of the following systems?
[A]Appointment System
[B]Reservation System
[C]Strategic Product Pricing
[D]ERP system

12. Which of the following is not a characteristic of JIT manufacturing system?
[A]Consistent production rate
[B]Small lot sizes
[C]Quick and economic setups
[D]Maintenance of high volumes of work-in process inventory

13. A company uses infra-red imaging to examine the problem areas identified without dismantling the machine, so that the extent of damage can be determined before stopping the machine. This is an example of which type of maintenance?
[A]Periodic maintenance
[B]Irregular maintenance
[C]Predictive maintenance
[D]Remedial maintenance

14. Which of the following is false regarding PERT?
[A]PERT provides a graphical display of a project that helps the users understand the relationships among the activities
[B]It is an ideal technique for tactical-level planning and operational-level controlling of projects
[C]It is based on the assumption that a project is a group of activities that can be identified as separate entities
[D]It can handle situations in which two or more projects have to be planned together to share the available resources

15. Different legal restrictions, building codes and technical standards compel global organizations to produce different products for different national markets. This is an example of
[A]Economic Impediment
[B]Managerial Impediment
[C]Institutional Impediment
[D]Cultural Impediment