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Saturday, October 29, 2011

Project Management Quiz - 20

1. Which of the following types of power comes through the organizational hierarchy
[A]Coercive
[B]Reward
[C]Referent
[D]Legitimate
[E]Expert



2. A calendar that identifies when a project may be performed on an activity is called a:
[A]Project calendar.
[B]Resource calendar.
[C]Milestone point.
[D]Key point.
[E]Work unit.



3. Charisma would be an example of _____ power.
[A]Legitimate
[B]Reward
[C]Coercive
[D]Expert
[E]Referent



4. For every situation, several methods usually exist for effective communication to take place. Which of the following is least likely to be used for explaining to the team project planning guidelines?
[A]project office memo
[B]project office directive
[C]project team meeting
[D]formal report
[E]counseling sessions



5. In the project environment, the individual ultimately responsible for quality control is:
[A]The line workers who must strive "to do things right the first time" to avoid quality problems.
[B]the company's quality control manager who must work with the project members to ensure the quality control program is effective.
[C]The head of the production department who retains ultimate quality control responsibility for all the company's projects.
[D]The project manager who has ultimate responsibility for the entire project.
[E]the customer who must ensure that he is receiving a quality product from the vendor.



6. In which of the following types of contracts is it most important for the contractor to maintain control of cost, schedule and scope changes.
[A]unit price
[B]cost plus incentive fee
[C]cost plus fixed fee
[D]firm fixed price
[E]B and D only



7. Middle (functional) managers have the greatest influence in the direction of the project in which type of organizational structure?
[A]Project.
[B]Strong matrix.
[C]Weak matrix.
[D]Project coordinator.
[E]Project expeditor.



8. Which of the following risks are generally considered unpredictable:
[A]business risk
[B]financial risk
[C]inflation
[D]natural hazards
[E]taxes



9. A clear definition of the user's needs serves as the direct basis for the:
[A]Work breakdown structure.
[B]Functional requirements.
[C]Project cost estimate.
[D]Selection of personnel.
[E]Termination decision.



10. R & D project managers in high-tech companies most often motivate using _____ power.
[A]Expert
[B]Reward
[C]Referent
[D]Identification
[E]None of the above



11. The major difference between PERT and CPM networks is:
[A]PERT requires three time estimates whereas CPM requires one time estimate.
[B]PERT is used for construction projects whereas CPM is used for R & D.
[C]PERT addresses only time whereas CPM also includes cost and resource availability.
[D]PERT requires computer solutions whereas CPM is a manual technique.
[E]PERT is measured in days whereas CPM uses weeks or months.



12. The majority of product defects could be prevented in most processes if manufactures would do the following:
[A]Increase the use of acceptance control charts instead of standard three-sigma control charts.
[B]Make a concerted effort to eliminate the potential for product defects in the design stage.
[C]Create a quality control department.
[D]A and B.
[E]A and C



13. Which of the following diagrams is most useful in impact analysis:
[A]arrow diagrams
[B]precedence diagrams
[C]decision trees
[D]Pareto diagrams
[E]cause and effects diagrams



14. Which of the following is least likely to be used in explaining to a team member why you consider his/her performance substandard?
[A]Project office memo
[B]counseling session
[C]project team meeting
[D]formal letter
[E]individual conversation



15. Which of the following types of contracts allows the owner to transfer risk to the contractor:
[A]cost plus incentive fee
[B]cost sharing
[C]firm fixed price
[D]cost plus fixed fee
[E]performance guarantees



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