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Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Free Ugc Net Online Practice Tests for Business Management (Management Quiz - 75)

1. In recent years, research has proved that culture has a tremendous impact on management practices. Which of the following is not a feature of organizational culture?
[A]It is based on certain norms
[B]It promotes dominant and stable values
[C]It shapes philosophy and rules
[D]It focuses on profit


2. Which of the following refers to the process that helps new employees adapt to the organization’s culture?
[A]Grapevine
[B]Orientation
[C]Socialization
[D]Introduction


3. Which of the following is not a problem faced in the MBO (Management By Objectives) process?
[A]It is difficult to pinpoint specific objectives which determine a subordinate’s effectiveness
[B]Predetermined goals leave less scope for creativity, spontaneity and innovation
[C]Setting of objectives is done over a long span of time, which delays the decision-making
[D]Interdependence of managerial work is not reflected in job descriptions


4. Conceptual skills require that management view the organization as
[A]A profit center
[B]A decision-making unit
[C]A problem-solving group
[D]A whole


5. Which of Henri Fayol’s principles implies that the right person is placed in the right job and everything is kept in the right place to facilitate smooth coordination of activities?
[A]Order
[B]Initiative
[C]Centralization
[D]Unity of direction


6. Which of the following is/are organizational factors that affect the delegation of authority?
I. Policy towards centralization or decentralization.
II. Availability of managerial personnel.
III. Type of control mechanisms.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Only (II) above
[C]Only (III) above
[D]All (I), (II) and (III) above


7. Which of the following are factors that help measure an organization’s social responsiveness?
I. Valuing diversity
II. Fund-raising.
III. Direct Corporate investment.
IV. Personal values.
V. Stage of moral development.
[A](I), (II) and (III) above
[B](I), (II) and (V) above
[C](I), (IV) and (V) above
[D](II), (III) and (IV) above


8. Which of the following is/are advantage/s of a hybrid structure?
I. Specific competency and economies of scale with focus on products, services and markets.
II. It strikes a balance between divisional and corporate goals.
III. It facilitates flexibility in handling diverse product lines, territories or differing needs of customers.
IV. It facilitates decentralization of decisions.
[A]Only (IV) above
[B]Both (I) and (III) above
[C]Both (II) and (IV) above
[D](I), (II) and (III) above


9. A problem with groupthink is that no one is actually in charge of making the final decision or outcome, which results in
[A]Ambiguous responsibility
[B]Role incoherence
[C]Role ambiguity
[D]Ambiguous delegation


10. Which of Henry Fayol's principles of management states that 'work specialization leads to efficiency of operations'?
[A]Division of labor
[B]Stability
[C]Esprit de corps
[D]Discipline


11. Which of the following are postulates of the maturity-immaturity theory proposed by Chris Argyris?
I. Chris Argyris believed that people progress from a stage of immaturity and dependence to a state of maturity and independence.
II. Many organizations tend to keep their employees in a dependent state thereby, blocking further progress and keeping an individual from realizing his/her true potential.
III. Principles such as specialization lead to the development of a healthy personality.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Only (III) above
[C]Both (I) and (II) above
[D]Both (II) and (III) above


12. Which of the following is incorrect with respect to formal and informal organizations?
[A]Major concepts in a formal organization are authority and responsibility
[B]The primary focus in an informal organization is the person
[C]In an informal organization, source of leader power is given by the group
[D]Sanctions serve as sources of control in a formal organization


13. Which of the following is not an advantage of the ‘nominal group process’, of group decision making?
[A]It requires a skilled group facilitator
[B]If the process is well-organized, a definite conclusion can be arrived at from a heterogeneous group
[C]It can be used to elaborate upon data obtained from surveys or existing documents
[D]It allows people of different backgrounds and experience to give their inputs


14. An objective is the object or aim of an action. Management by Objectives (MBO) is a management process that is popular in many organizations. It is the joint setting of goals and objectives by superiors and subordinates. A major difference between traditional objective setting and MBO is
[A]In MBO, there are multiple objectives covering a range of organizational activities
[B]In traditional objective setting the objectives, once formulated, provide direction for management decisions
[C]In traditional objective setting the objectives, once established, form the criteria against which actual accomplishments can be measured
[D]Traditional objective setting is 'top down' only, while MBO is both a 'top down' and 'bottom up' process


15. Which of the following statements pertain/s to linear programming?
I. Application of this technique involves two or more activities competing for limited resources.
II. It can be applied to product mix decisions, inventory management problems, scheduling production facilities etc.
III. Every situation produces two or more possible outcomes leading to subsequent decision points.
[A]Only (I) above
[B]Only (II) above
[C]Only (III) above
[D]Both (I) and (II) above